Types of Skin Cancer



Superficial Spreading Melanoma

This is the most common type of melanoma making up about 50% of all melanomas diagnosed. This melanoma usually appears as a dark spot with irregular borders that spreads across the skin.

Nodular Melanoma

Most dangerous melanoma as they are often very thick when diagnosed. Nodular is one of the most rapidly growing typesof melanoma. It appears as a raised lump or‘nodule’ and can be brown, black, pink or red incolouring, or have no colour at all. About 15% of allmelanomas are nodular.

Lentigo Maligna Melanoma

Most commonly found in elderly patients, usually on the face or neck. It begin as large freckles. This type of melanoma makes up 10% of all melanomas .

Melanoma In-Situ

The earliest form of melanoma and completely curable with complete excision.

Acral Melanoma

Acral is a rare type of melanoma that tends to grow on the palms of hands, soles of the feet or under the nails (subungual). It accounts for about 3% of all melanomas.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma


Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common skin cancer, typically found on the ear, face, lips, hands or lower legs. SCC is more dangerous than basal cell carcinoma because of its ability to spread to other parts of the body. The pre-invasive phase, SCC in situ, is often called Bowen's disease.

Bowen's disease characteristically presents with one or more dry or crusted red or brown patches. Invasive SCC usually grows within a solar keratosis (scaly spots due to sun damage) and presents as a tender scaly or ulcerated lump. Invasive SCC needs to be attended to promptly as there is a risk of secondary spread.


Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cancer in the world. Despite this, very few people die from BCC. The two most common types are nodular and superficial BCC which are easily treatable.


The nodular type of BCC appears as a slowly-growing, shiny white, pink or discoloured bump, most often on the face or neck.

The superficial type of BCC presents as one or more irregular red scaly patches growing on the trunk or limbs.